Cognos Interview Questions and Answers
Q1). What is called Cognos Reporting tool?
Ans: Cognos is an IBM reporting tool which is used for reporting and analysis of various data from different datawarehouse.
Q2). What is Report item?
Ans: Report item is defined as a query item which can be dragged and dropped into a work area.
Q3). What is set to be Cardinality?
Ans: Cardinality is defined as relationships between the tables. Following are relationship formed between the tables.
- One to One
- One to Many
- Many to Many
- Many to One
Q4). What is defined as Data mining?
Ans: Data mining is the process of getting hidden trends from a data ware house.
Q5). What are all the different types of prompt in Cognos?
Ans: Following are the different types of prompt in Cognos:
- Value prompt
- Text Prompt
- Date prompt
- Time prompt
- Date and time prompt
Q6). What are the components of Report Net?
Ans: Following are the components of Report Net:
- Framework manager
- Cognos connection
- Query Studio
- Report Studio
Q7). What do you mean by Drill Through report?
Ans: Drill through reporting is used to link from one report to another report. It has parent and child relationship between the reports.
Q8). Mention the difference between ‘macros’ and ‘prompt’?
Ans: Macro is used to run set of instructions to execute the report but prompt provide a way to change the report dynamically.
Q9). What is a Cube?
Ans: Cube is set to be multi-dimensional view of dimension and measures and it is used to analyze the data in various forms like Slicing and Dicing.
Q10). What is the size of the cube?
Ans: Size of the cube is 2.0GB and size varies depends on the project.
Q11). What is a Snapshot?
Ans: A snapshot is created to copy the exact data that is related to current report and compare with another report.
Example: Data of this week compared with previous week
Q12). What are all the components of Report Studio?
Ans: Following are the components of Report Studio:
- Objects panel
- Properties panel
- Explorer bar
- Report Viewer
Q 13). What is a Transformer?
Ans: Transformer is used for making the Cubes which is for the Multidimensional structure on OLAP processing.
Q14). What is defined as catalog and types of catalogs in Cognos?
Ans: A catalog is defined as a file which contains information on Database tables and Impromptu users can create reports.
Following are the types of catalog used:
Q15). Is it possible to join multiple Databases in a Catalog?
Ans: No, it is not possible to join multiple databases in a catalog and it can be achieved by Hotfile.
Q16). What is defined as Cognos Impromptu?
Ans: A Cognos Impromptu is set to be a tool which is used for the generation of business intelligence reports.
Q17). What are query items?
Ans: Query items are the most important object in framework manager and it has a lot of properties associated with it. This is mainly used for reporting and business intelligence.
Q18). What are all the advantages of Cognos?
Ans: Following are the advantages of Cognos:
Q19). What are all the types of indexes in Cognos?
Ans: Following are the types of Indexes in Cognos:
- Bitmap index
- B-tree index
- Function based index
- Reverse key and composite index
Q20). What is Bitmap Index?
Ans: A bitmap index is used for replacement of list of rowids for each key value. This index is mainly efficient for data warehousing as it has low cardinality and low updates.
Q21). What is a Folder?
Ans: A folder consists of repository objects like sources, targets, transformation and mapping that help to organize data warehouse.
Q22). What is a Datastore in Cognos?
Ans: A data store is nothing but a query database or a relational database or files that can be accessed through IBM Cognos.
Q 23). What is a Query Subject?
Ans: A Query subject is a set of query items that have inherent relationship and it is basic building block on framework manager.
Q24). What are all the types of report?
Ans: Following are the types of report in Cognos:
- Blank report
- List report
- Cross report
- Chart report
- Repeater report
Q25). What are the two types of framework manager?
Ans: There are two types of framework manager and they are as follows:
- Presentation layer
- Physical layer
Q26). What are all types of prompt?
Ans: Following are the types of Prompt used in Cognos:
- Select and search
- Date and time
- Prompt button
Q27). What is a dimension?
Ans: Dimension is defined as structure of a cube. A dimension should have at least one key attribute and remaining attribute can define hierarchies.
Q28). What are all the types of gateway used in Cognos?
Ans: Following is the list of gateway used in Cognos:
- Common Gateway Interface (CGI)
- Internet Service Application Interface (ISAPI)
- Tomcat Server
Q29). What is called Cognos powerplay?
Ans: Cognos powerplay is nothing but a multidimensional on-line analysis of data.
Q30). What are the types of studio present in Cognos?
Ans: There are five types of studio are :
- Query Studio
- Metrics Studio
- Analysis Studio
- Report Studio
- Event Studio
Q31). What is defined as Query studio?
Ans: Query studio is one of the studios in Cognos which is used to perform Adhoc queries.
Q32). What are the types of folder present in Cognos?
Ans: There are three main types of folders and they are listed below:
- Standard folder
- Package folder
- Metrics folder
Q33). What do you mean by drill across?
Ans: The drill across executes queries with the help of more than one cube.
Q34). What are all the types of hierarchies?
Ans: There are two types of hierarchies:
- Attribute hierarchies
- User defined hierarchies
Q35). What is the use of Cognos decision stream?
Ans: Cognos decision stream is set to be a tool which is used for extracting, transforming the data from different data sources to target data source.
Q36). What are the themes in a data warehouse?
Ans: The three important fundamental themes are:
- Drilling Down
- Drilling Across
- Handling Time
Q37). What do you mean by Drill down and Drill Up?
Ans: Drill down is addition of grouping columns from the dimension tables whereas drill up is removing grouping columns from the dimension tables.
Q38). What is the advantage of using shortcuts?
Ans: There are two shortcuts – Local and Global. Local is used for the local repository and Global for global repository. Advantage is to reuse an object instead of creating multiple objects.
Q39). What is called materialized view?
Ans: A materialized view is a view which is physically stored in a database. This view is used to increase query performance by calculating costly operations.
Q40). What is a Pivot?
Ans: Pivot is used to rotate the axis of the cube to provide a different presentation on the data.
Q 41). What is called a slice?
Ans: The slice is used to perform the operation on one dimension of a cube and it is results in a sub-cube.
Q42). What is a Framework manager?
Ans: Frame manager is a tool, which is used to develop end user layer and it can be used by Authors to build their own BI objects.
Q43). What is Metrics designer?
Ans: Metrics Designer is a tool which is used to model, deploy score cards and data loading procedures.
Q44). What is set to be Cognos configuration?
Ans: Cognos Configuration is a BI administrative tool which is used to define the behavior of Cognos 8 version. This will manage configuration parameters.
Q45). What is the difference between Standard and Metrics folder?
- Standard Folder – This is a container of all folders and it is used for Organizational purposes. It acts like a local computer folder. It is yellow in color.
- Metrics Folder – This folder is used by Metrics studio to store metrics related information. Metrics folder will open up directly in Metrics studio and it is dark blue in color.
Q46). What is the use of Cognos scenario?
Ans: Cognos scenario is used to find the hidden trends and patterns of data.
Q47). Which studio is used to create reports?
Ans: Report Studio is used to create more advanced business reports.
Q48). What is the difference between a cascading report and drill through report?
Ans: Cascading report is used to extract data from one prompt to another prompt.
Drill through report is used to extract the data by selecting the column in a report and it can be drilled down by clicking the column data.
Q49). What are all types of Batches?
Ans: Following are the types of Batches:
- Sequential – Run the sessions one by one
- Concurrent – Run the sessions simultaneously
Q50). What are initial page components of Cognos connection?
Ans: Initial page components of Cognos connection are:
- The Studio Toolbar
- The Utilities Toolbar
- The Tab Navigator
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